Posted on 1st February 2022
English sentences are divided into two different types – Active sentences and Passive sentences.
In an active sentence we know who does the action but in a passive sentence we don’t know and it really isn’t very important!
You could say that we use the passive to change the focus of the sentence. For example:
The report was finished on Thursday. (passive – focus is on the report)
Maria finished the report on Thursday. (active – focus is on Maria)
The passive is created when we make the object (of the active sentence) – the subject of the sentence. We use the verb TO BE + past participle. For example:
If you want to add clarification as to who did the action – use the word BY
Hope this helps you with your written and spoken English.